Collection: Diabetes

Diabetes is a chronic medical condition that occurs when the body cannot properly regulate blood sugar (glucose) levels. Glucose is essential for providing energy to cells, and insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps regulate its absorption. In diabetes, the body either doesn't produce enough insulin or doesn't effectively use the insulin it produces, leading to elevated blood sugar levels.

There are three main types of diabetes:

1. Type 1 Diabetes:
- This type usually develops in children and young adults.
- It occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.
- People with type 1 diabetes require insulin injections or an insulin pump to manage their blood sugar levels.

2. Type 2 Diabetes:-
- This is more common and often develops in adults, though it can occur at any age.
- In type 2 diabetes, the body doesn't use insulin properly (insulin resistance), and over time, the pancreas may not produce enough insulin.
- Lifestyle changes, oral medications, and insulin may be used to manage type 2 diabetes.

3. Gestational Diabetes:
- This type occurs during pregnancy when the body cannot produce enough insulin to meet the increased needs, leading to elevated blood sugar levels.
- Gestational diabetes increases the risk of complications during pregnancy and birth, and it also raises the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Common symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, blurred vision, and slow wound healing. If left untreated, diabetes can lead to serious complications such as cardiovascular disease, kidney damage, nerve damage, and vision problems.

Management of diabetes typically involves a combination of medication, lifestyle changes (including a balanced diet and regular physical activity), and monitoring blood sugar levels. Early diagnosis and proper management are crucial for preventing complications associated with diabetes. Individuals with diabetes should work closely with healthcare professionals to develop a personalized treatment plan.